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After submitting a masterpiece, a journeymen could be accepted as a master himself, open his own studio, and take on students.
Many, however, continued to work in the shops of other artists.
Unlike those portrayed in Vermeer's paintings, very few renderings of [French: literally: I don't know what] is an intangible quality that makes something distinctive or attractive, which is, however, ultimately unsayable.
It is sometimes associated with other historical terms such as argued that in the early modern period it served to address problems of knowledge in natural philosophy, the passions, and culture and that major figures of the period such as Montaigne, Shakespeare, Descartes, Corneille, and Pascal alongside some of their lesser-known contemporaries can be a tied to it.
Historians of costume tell us that the spotted fur trim of Vermeer's jacks was probably not precious ermine but cat, squirrel or mouse decorated with faux spots.
In fact, even in the inventories of the wealthiest women, ermine is never mentioned.
Marten Jan Bok and Gary Schwartz have contended that even in the mid-seventeenth century more than half of Dutch paintings could have been commissioned, and were mainly carried out by assistants, journeymen and copyists, whose works were sold at the lower end of the market through art dealers.
, (obsolete Dutch: perceptibility) is a term used to describe pictorial space as perceived in relation to the surface qualities of a painting.
It had positive associations since antiquity and was regarded as a "warm color." The color of Vermeer's jack was probably obtained with a common dye called Dyer's Weed or weld (in Dutch, is represented countless time in Dutch interior painting, sometimes in views of market scenes, but it would not do for portraits.
In three works it can be considered a sort of optical focal point, and so must have responded to important aesthetic requisites, although it is not out of the question that it had a sentimental significance for the artist.
One such article is listed among possessions of his beloved wife, Catharina.
Thickly painted highlights create uneven surfaces that tend to reflect light, making those elements appear closer to the viewer.
Smoothly painted areas, instead, appear more distant.